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Light

Nghe phát âm
( Xem từ này trên từ điển Anh Việt)

Mục lục

Noun

something that makes things visible or affords illumination
All colors depend on light.
Physics .
Also called luminous energy , radiant energy. electromagnetic radiation to which the organs of sight react, ranging in wavelength from about 400 to 700 nm and propagated at a speed of 186,282 mi./sec (299,972 km/sec), considered variously as a wave, corpuscular, or quantum phenomenon.
a similar form of radiant energy that does not affect the retina, as ultraviolet or infrared rays.
the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of sight.
an illuminating agent or source, as the sun, a lamp, or a beacon.
the radiance or illumination from a particular source
the light of a candle.
the illumination from the sun; daylight
We awoke at the first light.
daybreak or dawn
when light appeared in the east.
daytime
Summer has more hours of light.
a particular light or illumination in which an object seen takes on a certain appearance
viewing the portrait in dim light.
a device for or means of igniting, as a spark, flame, or match
Could you give me a light?
a traffic light
Don't cross till the light changes.
the aspect in which a thing appears or is regarded
Try to look at the situation in a more cheerful light.
the state of being visible, exposed to view, or revealed to public notice or knowledge; limelight
Stardom has placed her in the light.
a person who is an outstanding leader, celebrity, or example; luminary
He became one of the leading lights of Restoration drama.
Art .
the effect of light falling on an object or scene as represented in a picture.
one of the brightest parts of a picture.
a gleam or sparkle, as in the eyes.
a measure or supply of light; illumination
The wall cuts off our light.
spiritual illumination or awareness; enlightenment.
Architecture .
Also called day. one compartment of a window or window sash.
a window, esp. a small one.
mental insight; understanding.
lights, the information, ideas, or mental capacities possessed
to act according to one's lights.
a lighthouse.
Archaic . the eyesight.

Adjective

having light or illumination; bright; well-lighted
the lightest room in the entire house.
pale, whitish, or not deep or dark in color
a light blue.
(of coffee or tea) containing enough milk or cream to produce a light color.

Verb (used with object)

to set burning, as a candle, lamp, fire, match, or cigarette; kindle; ignite.
to turn or switch on (an electric light)
One flick of the master switch lights all the lamps in the room.
to give light to; furnish with light or illumination
The room is lighted by two large chandeliers.
to make (an area or object) bright with or as if with light (often fol. by up )
Hundreds of candles lighted up the ballroom.
to cause (the face, surroundings, etc.) to brighten, esp. with joy, animation, or the like (often fol. by up )
A smile lit up her face. Her presence lighted up the room.
to guide or conduct with a light
a candle to light you to bed.

Verb (used without object)

to take fire or become kindled
The damp wood refused to light.
to ignite a cigar, cigarette, or pipe for purposes of smoking (usually fol. by up )
He took out a pipe and lighted up before speaking.
to become illuminated when switched on
This table lamp won't light.
to become bright, as with light or color (often fol. by up )
The sky lights up at sunset.
to brighten with animation or joy, as the face or eyes (often fol. by up ). ?

Idioms

bring to light
to discover or reveal
The excavations brought to light the remnants of an ancient civilization.
come to light
to be discovered or revealed
Some previously undiscovered letters have lately come to light.
hide one's light under a bushel
to conceal or suppress one's talents or successes.
in a good (or bad ) light
under favorable (or unfavorable) circumstances
She worshiped him, but then she'd only seen him in a good light.
in (the) light of
taking into account; because of; considering
It was necessary to review the decision in the light of recent developments.
light at the end of the tunnel, a prospect of success, relief
or redemption
We haven't solved the problem yet, but we're beginning to see light at the end of the tunnel.
see the light
to come into existence or being.
to be made public.
to begin to accept or understand a point of view one formerly opposed
Her father was opposed to her attending an out-of-town college, but he finally saw the light.
shed or throw light on
to clarify; clear up
His deathbed confession threw light on a mystery of long standing.

Antonyms

adjective
black , dark , darkened , dim , gloomy , obscure , brunette , dusky , heavy , weighted , difficult , laborious , grave , serious , solemn
noun
dark , darkness , night , obscurity , misconception , misunderstanding
verb
darken , dull , obscure , drench , extinguish , put out , quench , mount

Synonyms

adjective
ablaze , aglow , bright , brilliant , burnished , clear , cloudless , flashing , fluorescent , glossy , glowing , lambent , lucent , luminous , lustrous , phosphorescent , polished , radiant , refulgent , resplendent , rich , scintillant , shining , shiny , sunny , unclouded , unobscured , vivid , well-lighted , well-lit , bleached , faded , fair-skinned , light-hued , light-skinned , light-toned , pale , pastel , tow-headed , agile , airy , atmospheric , buoyant , crumbly , dainty , delicate , downy , easy , effervescent , ethereal , featherweight , feathery , filmy , flimsy , floatable , floating , fluffy , friable , frothy , gossamery , graceful , imponderous , inconsequential , insubstantial , light-footed , lightweight , lithe , little , loose , meager , nimble , petty , porous , portable , sandy , sheer , slender , slight , small , spongy , sprightly , sylphlike , thin , tissuelike , trifling , trivial , unheavy , unsubstantial , weightless , casual , digestible , faint , fractional , fragmentary , frivolous , frugal , gentle , hardly any , hardly enough , inadequate , inconsiderable , indistinct , insignificant , insufficient , mild , minor , minuscule , minute , moderate , modest , not many , not much , not rich , puny , restricted , scanty , shoestring * , soft , sparse , superficial , tiny , unimportant , weak , wee , effortless , facile , manageable , smooth , undemanding , unexacting , untaxing , untroublesome , amusing , animated , blithe , carefree , cheerful , chipper * , chirpy , diverting , dizzy , entertaining , fickle , flighty , gay , giddy , high , humorous , lighthearted , lively , merry , perky , pleasing , sunny-side up , up , upbeat , witty , alabaster , ivory
noun
aurora , beacon , blaze , brightness , brilliance , brilliancy , bulb , candle , coruscation , dawn , daybreak , daylight , daytime , effulgence , emanation , flare , flash , fulgor , glare , gleam , glimmer , glint , glitter , glow , illumination , incandescence , irradiation , lambency , lamp , lantern , lighthouse , luminosity , luster , morn , morning , phosphorescence , radiance , radiation , ray , refulgence , scintillation , sheen , shine , sparkle , splendor , star , sun , sunbeam , sunrise , sunshine , taper , torch , window , angle , approach , aspect , attitude , awareness , comprehension , condition , education , elucidation , enlightenment , example , exemplar , explanation , illustration , information , insight , interpretation , knowledge , model , paragon , slant , standing , vantage point , viewpoint , lighting , facet , frame of reference , hand , regard , respect , side , eye , eyesight , seeing , sight
verb
animate , brighten , cast , fire , flood , floodlight , furnish with light , highlight , ignite , illume , illumine , inflame , irradiate , kindle , lighten , light up , limelight , make bright , make visible , put on , shine , spot , spotlight , switch on , turn on , burn , enkindle , flame , set fire to , set on fire , spark , strike a match , alight , arrive , come down , deplane , detrain , disembark , drop , fly down , get down , perch , rest , roost , set down , settle , settle down , sit , sit down , stop , touch down , enliven

Xem thêm các từ khác

  • Light-fingered

    skillful at or given to pilfering, esp. by picking pockets; thievish., having light and nimble fingers.
  • Light-footed

    stepping lightly or nimbly; light of foot; nimble.
  • Light-handed

    short-handed., having the hands lightly or only slightly encumbered, as with parcels or bundles., having a light touch; handling things delicately and...
  • Light-headed

    weak and likely to lose consciousness; "suddenly felt faint from the pain"; "was sick and faint from hunger"; "felt light in the head"; "a swooning fit";...
  • Light-hearted

    carefree and happy and lighthearted; "was loved for her blithe spirit"; "a merry blithesome nature"; "her lighthearted nature"; "trilling songs with a...
  • Light-minded

    having or showing a lack of serious purpose, attitude, etc.; frivolous; trifling, to be in a light -minded mood .
  • Light headed

    giddy, dizzy, or delirious, having or showing a frivolous or volatile disposition; thoughtless, after two drinks pat began to feel lightheaded ., lightheaded...
  • Light hearted

    carefree; cheerful; gay, a lighthearted laugh .
  • Light on

    to get down or descend, as from a horse or a vehicle., to come to rest, as on a spot or thing; fall or settle upon; land, to come by chance; happen; hit...
  • Lighten

    to become lighter or less dark; brighten, to brighten or light up, as the eyes or features, to flash as or like lightning (often used impersonally with...
  • Lightening

    the descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity, occurring toward the end of pregnancy, changing the contour of the abdomen and facilitating breathing...
  • Lighter

    a person or thing that lights or ignites., a mechanical device used in lighting cigarettes, cigars, or pipes for smoking.
  • Lighter-than-air

    (of an aircraft) weighing less than the air it displaces, hence obtaining lift from aerostatic buoyancy., of or pertaining to lighter-than-air craft.
  • Lightheaded

    giddy, dizzy, or delirious, having or showing a frivolous or volatile disposition; thoughtless, adjective, adjective, after two drinks pat began to feel...
  • Lightheadedness

    giddy, dizzy, or delirious, having or showing a frivolous or volatile disposition; thoughtless, noun, after two drinks pat began to feel lightheaded .,...
  • Lighthearted

    carefree; cheerful; gay, adjective, adjective, a lighthearted laugh ., depressed , heavy-hearted , troubled , upset , worried, blithe , blithesome , bright...
  • Lightheartedness

    carefree; cheerful; gay, noun, a lighthearted laugh ., blitheness , blithesomeness , glee , gleefulness , hilarity , jocoseness , jocosity , jocularity...
  • Lighthouse

    a tower or other structure displaying or flashing a very bright light for the guidance of ships in avoiding dangerous areas, in following certain routes,...
  • Lighting

    the act of igniting or illuminating, the arrangement of lights to achieve particular effects, an effect achieved by the arrangement of lights, the science,...
  • Lightish

    rather light in color.
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